What we do
Explore the wild with the best in the industry. KG Mountain Expeditons provides high standard trips to the East African Mountains, plains, parks , reserves and the remotest wilderness areas. We go to very special places that are often little known. Once there, we strike the right balance between exploring, understanding and simply enjoying our surroundings. We travel in small personalized groups, with amazing local crew of guides, porters and other expeditions support crew. We put together a memorable experience that challenges your wild view.
How we do it
KG Mountain expeditions offers a broad range of innovative and affordable outdoor trips and safaris to Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. Each trip is carefully designed to create an adventure that perfectly matches your preference and budget without compromising on quality. Whether you are a professional mountaineer, rock climber or just an adventure enthusiast, a family or a group- we will custom make a trip for you that will will be a life long experience of the Wild Africa.
If none of our regular trips suits your needs or calls to you, we can design a customized trip that will do just that for you.
Guides and Porters
We use local guides and porters as they grew up in the area. Not only are they trained and qualified as mountain guides, but they also know the mountains and the weather conditions better than any foreigner. The porters and cook will generally leave camp after you and arrive to camp before you to set up camp and start getting your meals and hot water prepared. The guide will be there to trek with you during the day and assist where needed.
In keeping with our policy of responsible tourism, all food items taken up on the trek are accounted for in terms of returned containers and packaging on the return. We ask that climbers ensure that they either keep all rubbish with them in their bags or to hand it over to the cook to be returned with the group. Our porters are required to report to weighing stations on the descent to ensure that rubbish is being removed from the mountain.
ACCLIMATIZATION AND MEDICATIONS
Acclimatization sis the process whereby your body is naturally able to adapt to decreased levels of oxygen at higher altitudes. The body normally takes about one to three days to undergo this process. As the body encounters high altitude (anything normally above 2500m), several physical changes start to occur:
- Hyperventilation (breathing faster, deeper, or both)
- Shortness of breath during exertion
- Changed breathing pattern at night
- Erratic sleeping habits
- Altitude diuresis i.e. as the kidneys excrete more fluid resulting in increased urination
Acute Mountain Sickness [AMS]
As one ascends in altitude, the body has to adapt to the decrease in oxygen from the atmosphere that it is able to draw from breathing.
Each person will respond to increasing altitude in different ways, and while some people may experience no symptoms of altitude sickness at an elevation of 5000, others may develop a range of symptoms as low as 3000m. AMS is a combination of several factors that indicate that your body is not acclimatizing well to altitude. It is basically a situation where hypoxic stress occurs, i.e. when you ascend to an altitude where your body is unable to tolerate lower oxygen levels and as such, cannot function properly.
AMS is likely when one develops a headache, combined with the following factors, generally after ascent above 2500m:‐
- Loss of appetite, nausea and/or vomiting
- Fatigue or weakness
- Dizziness, light‐headedness or blurring vision
- Difficulty in sleeping
- Development of a wet, raspy cough
All of these symptoms may vary from mild to severe and the more severe the symptoms, the worse the AMS e.g. a person who is unable to sleep, is incapacitated with light headedness and is vomiting consistently, has severe AMS. Extreme cases of AMS can result in the following –
1) High Altitude Cerebral Edema [HACE].
This occurs when the brain swells and ceases to function properly. It is important to recognize that it can develop very quickly and can prove fatal in a matter of a few hours to one or two days. The key indicator of the start of HACE is when the person is unable to think clearly and as such, may not be aware that they are ill. They will also develop ataxia, or a loss of coordination, where they are unable to walk in a straight line, similar to that of drunken behavior.
2) High Altitude Pulmonary Edema. [HAPE]
This occurs when fluid starts to build up in the lungs. Symptoms here include: ‐
- Extreme fatigue and drowsiness
- Breathlessness when at rest
- Fast, shallow breathing
- Wet cough
- Gurgling or rattling breaths
- Chest tightness, fullness, or congestion
- Blue or gray lips or fingernails
Interestingly, this is more common frequent in young, fit climbers or trekkers and frequently occurs at night.
In both of the above cases, immediate descent is imperative, to at least an altitude where the person previously felt well upon wakening, but preferably lower. Both conditions resolve themselves relatively well at lower altitudes.
It is thus essential when climbing, that you and your fellow climbers monitor your bodies. Each person knows their body better than anyone else and so should be alerted to an increase in the above symptoms. Some people can develop nausea and a headache, and find that it disappears after a while and they are able to continue climbing, others cannot.
Preventative Prescription Medications
- Diamox (Acetazolamide) allows you to breathe faster so that you metabolize more oxygen, thereby minimizing the symptoms caused by poor oxygenation. Possible side effects include tingling of the lips and finger tips, blurring of vision, and alteration of taste. Since Diamox is a sulfonamide drug, people who are allergic to sulphur should not take Diamox. It is important that people take a tablet to “try” in case of adverse reactions. Normally, dose is 125mg twice daily or 250mg once per day.
- Dexamethasone (a steroid) is a prescription drug that decreases brain and other swelling reversing the effects of AMS. Dosage is typically 4 mg twice a day for a few days starting with the ascent. It should be used with caution and only on the advice of a physician because of possible serious side effects. It may be combined with Diamox.
KG Mountain Expeditions provides this information as a guide only and cannot be held responsible for any adverse reactions to altitude in any way whatsoever or any advice on medications. It is the responsibility of the climbers familiarize themselves with the effects of altitude before embarking on any climbs to altitude, and that they consult their medical practitioner on the use of any medications.